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部分工业上常用微生物菌种的同物异名

随着国际微生物系统分类学技术水平的不断提高,一些微生物菌种的分类学地位发生了变迁,名称也随之发生变化,CICC根据最新权威文献,对部分工业上常用微生物菌种的同物异名情况进行了整理,列表如下,以方便用户在微生物菌种购买及鉴定过程中查阅参考,并欢迎从事微生物分类学研究的专家学者共同探讨。(赵婷)

                           

表:部分工业上常用微生物菌种的同物异名

菌株序号

现用名

同物异名/曾用名

1

东方伊萨酵母Issatchenkia orientalis

克鲁斯假丝酵母Candida krusei

2

阿舒假囊酵母Eremothecium ashbyi

阿舒多囊霉Crebrothecium ashbyi

3

美极梅奇酵母Metschnikowia pulcherrima

美极假丝酵母Candida pulcherrima

4

解脂亚罗酵母Yarrowia lipolytica

解脂假丝酵母Candida lipolytica

解脂复膜孢酵母Saccharomycopsis lipolytica

5

土生隐球酵母Cryptococcus humicola

土生假丝酵母Candida humicola

6

新型小丝担类酵母Filobasidiella neoformans

新型隐球酵母Cryptococcus neoformans

7

马克斯克鲁维酵母Kluyveromyces marxianus

乳酒假丝酵母 Candida kefyr

8

异型德克酵母Dekkera anomala

异酒香酵母Brettanomyces anomalus

克劳森酒香酵母Brettanomyces claussenii

9

布鲁塞尔德克酵母Dekkera bruxellensis

卡斯酒香酵母Brettanomyces custersii

间型酒香酵母Brettanomyces intermedius

10

胶红酵母Rhodotorula mucilaginosa

深红酵母Rhodotorula rubra

11

季也蒙毕赤酵母Pichia guilliermondii

季也蒙假丝酵母Candida guilliermondii

12

发酵毕赤酵母Pichia fermentans

郎比可假丝酵母Candida lambica

13

杰丁毕赤酵母Pichia jadinii

产朊假丝酵母Candida utilis

14

费比恩毕赤酵母Pichia fabianii

费比恩假丝酵母Candida fabianii

15

双孢毕赤酵母Pichia bispora

贝氏汉逊酵母Hansenula beckii

16

伯顿毕赤酵母 Pichia burtonii

伯顿拟内孢霉Endomycopsis burtonii

17

异常毕赤酵母Pichia anomala

异常汉逊酵母Hansenula anomala

18

巴斯德毕赤酵母Pichia pastoris

巴斯德酵母Saccharomyces pastori

19

异落毕赤酵母Pichia bimundalis

异落汉逊酵母Hansenula bimundalis

20

酿酒酵母Saccharomyces cerevisiae

椭圆酿酒酵母Saccharomyces cerevisiae var.ellipsoideus

糖化酵母Saccharomyces diastaticus

卡尔斯伯酵母Saccharomyces carlsbergensis

威尔酵母Saccharomyces willianus

意大利酵母Saccharomyces italicus

薛瓦酵母Saccharomyces chevalieri

21

贝酵母Saccharomyces bayanus

葡萄汁酵母Saccharomyces uvarum

22

嗜热脂肪地芽孢杆菌Geobacillus tearothermophilus

嗜热脂肪芽孢杆菌Bacillus stearothermophilus

23

乳酸乳球菌乳亚种Lactococcus lactis subsp.lactis

乳链球菌Streptococcus lactis

24

屎肠球菌Enterococcus faecium

屎链球菌Streptococcus faecium

25

粪肠球菌Enterococcus faecalis

粪链球菌Streptococcus faecalis

26

侧孢短芽孢杆菌Brevibacillus laterosporus

侧孢芽孢杆菌Bacillus laterosporus

27

多粘类芽孢杆菌Paenibacillus polymyxa

多粘芽孢杆菌Bacillus polymyxa

28

谷氨酸棒杆菌Corynebacterium glutamicum

力士棒杆菌Corynebacterium herculis

北京棒杆菌Corynebacterium pekinense

天津棒杆菌Corynebacterium tianjin

29

枯草芽孢杆菌Bacillus subtilis

纳豆芽孢杆菌Bacillus natto

30

萎缩芽孢杆菌Bacillus atrophaeus

枯草芽孢杆菌黑色变种Bacillus subtilis var. niger

31

动物双歧杆菌乳亚种B.animalis subsp. lactis

乳双歧杆菌Bifidobacterium lactis

32

融合魏斯氏菌Weissella confusa

融合乳杆菌Lactobacillus confusus

33

中间剑菌Ensifer medicae

苜蓿中华根瘤菌Sinorhizobium medicae

34

轮枝链霉菌Streptomyces verticillum

轮枝链轮丝菌Streptoverticillium verticillum

35

汉氏葡糖酸醋杆菌Gluconacetobacter hansenii

汉氏醋杆菌Acetobacter hansenii

36

产液葡糖酸醋杆菌 Gluconacetobacter liquefaciens

液化醋杆菌Acetobacter liquefaciens

37

木糖葡糖酸醋杆菌Gluconacetobacter xylinus

木醋杆菌Acetobacter xylinus

38

Lichtheimia corymbifera

伞枝犁头霉Absidia corymbifera

分枝犁头霉Absidia ramosa

39

伞形卷霉Circinella umbellata

糙卷霉Circinella aspera

40

密丛毛霉Mucor plumbeus

刺囊毛霉Mucor spinosus

41

微小根毛霉Rhizomucor pusillus

微小毛霉Mucor pusillus

42

卷枝毛霉原变型Mucor circinelloides Tiegh. f. circinelloides

普雷恩毛霉Mucor prainii

卷枝毛霉Mucor circinelloides

43

下弯毛霉原变种Mucor recurvus var. recurvus

生香毛霉Mucor aromaticus

44

葡枝根霉Rhizopus stolonifer

黑根霉Rhizopus nigricans

45

少根根霉Rhizopus arrhizus

三宝垄根霉Rhizopus semaranzensis

46

少根根霉东京变种Rhizopus arrhizus var. tonkinensis

东京根霉Rhizopus tonkinensis

47

少根根霉原变种Rhizopus arrhizus var. arrhizus

米根霉Rhizopus oryzae

爪哇根霉/日本根霉Rhizopus japonicus

鲁氏毛霉Mucor rouxianus

48

少根根霉戴尔变种Rhizopus arrhizus var. delemar

戴尔根霉Rhizopus delemar

49

小孢根霉须状变种Rhizopus microsporus var. rhizopodiformis

科恩根霉Rhizopus cohnii

50

小孢根霉少孢变种Rhizopus microsporus var. oligosporus

少孢根霉Rhizopus oligosporus

51

小孢根霉华变种Rhizopus microsporus var. chinensis

中华根霉Rhizopus chinensis

52

黑曲霉海枣变种Aspergillus niger var. phoenicis

海枣曲霉Aspergillus phoenicis

53

紧密枝顶孢Acremonium strictum

顶头孢霉Cephalosporium acremonium

54

月状旋孢腔菌Cochliobolus lunatus

新月弯孢霉Curvularia lunata

 

部分参考文献:

[1]J.A.BARNETT,R,W.PAYNE&D.YARROW. YEASTS: Characteristics and Identification, THIRD EDITION  [M].CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS,2000

[2]Bergey’s Manual of Determinative Bacteriology[M]. Ninth Edition

[3]周宇光等,中国菌种目录[M].化学工业出版社.2007

[4]International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, Vol 51, 433-446.Mar 2001

[5]Nakamura L.K. Taxonomic relationship of black-pigmented Bacillus subtilis strains and a proposal for Bacillus             atrophaeus sp. Nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39: 295-300.

[6] Fritze D., Pukall R. Reclassification of bioindicator strains Bacillus subtilis DSM 675 and Bacillus subtilis           DSM 2277 as Bacillus atrophaeus. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001,  51: 35-37. PubMed: 21078656

[7]Liesbeth Masco,Marco Ventura,Ralf Zink,Geert Huys&Jean Swing..Polyphasic taxonomic analysis of Bifidobacterium animalis and Bifidobacterium lactis reveals relatedness at the subspecies level:reclassification of Bifidobacterium animalis as Bifidobacterium animalis subsp.animalis subsp.nov.and Bifidobacterium lactis as Bifidobacterium animalis subsp.lactis subsp.nov.International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, 2004,54:1137-1143.

[8]Kazunori Hatano, Tadashi Nishii, and Hiroaki Kasai.Taxonomic re-evaluation of whorl-forming Streptomyces (formerly Streptoverticillium) species by using phenotypes, DNA–DNA hybridization and sequences of gyrB, and proposal of Streptomyces luteireticuli (ex Katoh and Arai 1957) corrig., sp. nov., nom. rev.Int J Syst Evol Microbiol, 2003; 53: 1519 - 1529.

[9]Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes.The genus name Sinorhizobium Chen et al. 1988 is a later synonym of Ensifer Casida 1982 and is not conserved over the latter genus name, and the species name ‘Sinorhizobium adhaerens’ is not validly published. Opinion 84.Int J Syst Evol Microbiol, Aug 2008; 58: 1973.

[10]Y. FUKAZAWA, T. SHINODA, A. NISHIKAWA, and T. NAKASE.Synonymy of Saccharomyces cerevisiae Hansen 1883 and Saccharomyces uvarum Beijerinck 1898: Significance of Cell Wall Antigens in Yeast Classification.Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., Jan 1980; 30: 196 - 205.

[11] Collins, S.J. Collins, J. Metaxopoulus and S. Wallbanks, Taxonomic studies on some Leuconostoc-like organisms from fermented sausages. J Appl Bacteriol. 1993;75:595–603.